How horrible, not because it is going to happen that way but because the sensible and rational-thinking sisters have to suffer great distress on such persecuting allegations for a good plan that was being executed. They are re-activating their mission of providingwholesome education and preserving their landmark properties in the tradition of their founding sisters and institute objectives. The convent schools in Malaysia began as private concerns, fully raised and operated by the early sisters through sheer courage, determination, diligence, commitment and sacrifice. Through generous benefactors, supporters in kind and every cent they could possibly earn and save, they bought land with and without buildings to build their schools.
Many of the land they bought were still in jungle-state at the fringes of towns at the end of 19th and early 20th centuries. They chose these because the prices were more affordable.
We Saw Nuns Kill Children: The Ghosts of St. Joseph’s Catholic Orphanage
The sisters cleared the jungles and constructed their schools from scratch. They received no funding support from the government either when it was the British East India Company or the later Crown administration initially. The French sisters accepted the challenge of running their schools in English medium to produce English-literate personnel for the government but never received much support, if any, until much later. At midth century, the larger convent schools began to receive partial funding and eventually, all of their schools became quasi-government aided.
The school displayed exemplary academic performance. Royalties and elites from neighbouring countries sent their children to study here. It was also popular with expatriate children. The sisters were firmly in charge then. But the sisters had to progressively retreat from the administration and hands-on teaching at their schools as the nationalisation programme was being installed.
They were completely out of the picture after the schools were fully nationalised. The level of monitory involvement also diminished over time, and the character of the schools has taken a different form. Is it surprising that the sisters are now reactivating their mission of education in Malaysia and in the tradition of its pioneer sisters and original objectives? Certainly not. The sisters are most anxious and desirous of preserving their rich heritage and continuing their meaningful mission as inspired by their predecessors.
The mechanics of how this can be achieved and the name it will take to better reflect the administration of the mission in contemporary times is not an urgent matter of debate at this moment. The institute has its own set of plans and thinking on how their primary objective of offering wholesome affordable education can be done. IJS was founded on the basis of providing charitable popular education to who and in where it was most needed.
Father Nicolas Barre, the founder, initially obtained the assistance of lay women to teach and run small schools for poor girls and young women in and around Rouen. They were intentionally located in poverty stricken areas. Father Barre believed that through education, indigent folks would have the opportunity to exit the poverty cycle they were trapped in.
Subsequently, these dedicated and sacrificing ladies committed themselves as a religious community, and it persisted until present times as The Infant Jesus Sisters.
We Saw Nuns Kill Children: The Ghosts of St. Joseph’s Catholic Orphanage
With literacy, women were able to acquire further knowledge for themselves, have moral values according to religious principles and learn to be independent. Today, in Malaysia, the sisters have achieved these objectives for our society since their advent in Their starting point was practically at Convent Light Street, although their first premises of operation were at Church Street.
Damien, the second Superior of Penang. A first team of five sisters, of which only three arrived in Penang in April earlier in the year had failed to do so under tragic circumstances. But their progress in expansion into the Sultanate states in the 19th century was sluggish until the tenure of formidable Mother St. Tarcisius Salles when the British influence leading to full colonisation was greatest. This was aimed at supporting its workforce in the government and commercial enterprises. The MEP invited the Infant Jesus Sisters and La Salle Brothers to take over its church schools for girls and boys respectively with the condition that they convert the schools from vernacular Malay to English medium of instruction.
From then on, the sisters and brothers operated and expanded their schools on their own. The schools penetrated deep into the peninsular hinterlands by midth century.
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Back to present times, it has become difficult to maintain the school buildings raised by the intrepid sisters in their original tradition. However, it is still consoling to see many of these buildings remain intact albeit varying degrees of modifications.
Founding the Missionaries of Charity
Importantly, they are able to maintain their unique physical character to remind Malaysians of the great contributions of the sisters in educating and improving the lives of women. Many who have studied during the regime of the no-nonsense nuns have achieved high levels of affluence and assumed leadership roles. It is no wonder that the present IJS administration has resolved to commence action to preserve their iconic convent schools and continue the culture of providing quality and affordable education when it is most needed.
This would only be possible after retrieving from the government, their hard-earned establishments left in the land and buildings. No one would treasure more of the history and legacy of the sisters than the sisters themselves. Her whole being exudes gaiety and humor. Her life serves as a vivid insight into the torrid world of papal politics at the height of the Italian Renaissance and during the tumultuous years leading up to the Protestant Reformation.
Ambitious and worldly, the Borgias originated in Spain and were viewed with alarm and envy by native Italian families. Having spent her early years living with her mother, Lucrezia was later transferred by her father to the house of his cousin, Adriana Orsini, who taught Lucrezia the foundation of high culture: Latin, Greek, Italian, and French, as well as music, singing, and drawing, enabling her to move with ease in the highest court circles.
I want you to learn how to think, not how to produce brilliant sentences.
From then on, her fate took on greater importance to the powerful men around her. The leading families in Italy were all keen to connect their fortunes with those of the powerful Pope Alexander, and many sought to strike an alliance. Even the king of Naples aspires to win her hand! No family, however, was better placed to put forward a suitor than that of the man who had played a decisive role in the election of Pope Alexander: Cardinal Sforza himself, whose brother was the powerful Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza.
Cardinal Sforza proposed uniting their house by marrying year-old Lucrezia to his nephew, Giovanni. The offer was accepted by the Borgias, who thereby gained a powerful ally in the north and center of Italy. On June 9, , Giovanni Sforza made his triumphal entrance into Rome through the Porta del Popolo, and three days later his marriage to Lucrezia took place. Accounts describe how the pope and the cardinals ate and danced all night long at the wedding reception. Then in the early hours, the pontiff accompanied the newlyweds to the palace of Santa Maria in Portico.
The hopes and fears of Lucrezia, little more than a child herself, were of little consideration to the players involved. The young couple were barely allowed the briefest of domestic interludes before a political storm engulfed them. Trapped in Rome, Giovanni was in an impossible position—caught between the loyalties to his uncle on the one side and to his wife and the mighty Borgias on the other.
After this decision, Cesare explained to Lucrezia that her husband would have to be killed. Allegedly warned by Lucrezia of the plan, Giovanni fled to Milan disguised as a beggar. The Borgias then began the long process of trying to annul the marriage on the grounds that Giovanni was impotent and had never consummated the marriage. After a public proclamation that her virginity was intact, Lucrezia officially became a single woman again in During the annulment negotiations, Lucrezia retired to the convent of San Sisto in Rome.
Even the cloister could not shield her from the exploits and misfortunes of her scheming family. In , Lucrezia lost her brother Juan, who was found murdered in the Tiber. Meanwhile, her other brother, Cesare—who had been made a cardinal in his late teens by his father—was enjoying a meteoric rise to power, having recently been appointed military chief of the Papal States, the area of central Italy around Rome under direct papal control.
This time, the suitor was Alfonso of Aragon, the illegitimate son of the king of Naples, the large kingdom that occupied southern Italy. In , Lucrezia married her second husband in the Vatican. This time, the wedding seemed to have been genuinely desired by both the bride and groom.
Lucrezia was 18, and her slightly younger consort Alfonso was considered both handsome and well educated.
The union appeared a happy one, and Lucrezia gave birth to a son, named Rodrigo after his grandfather, in But the conjugal happiness was short-lived. In a startling change of heart, he decided to throw in his lot with his erstwhile enemy, the new king of France, Louis XII. The interests of the Borgias and those of France had now aligned in direct opposition to those of Naples. In the days running up to the jubilee year of , an astrologer warned Alexander that he should take particular care, as misfortune was destined to befall him.
In June of that year, the blow fell.